Segregation and incorporation of immigrants in France : magnitude and intensity from 1968 to 2007
Using several methodological approaches and making unprecedented use of data from six censuses, the article provides a panoramic view of immigrant segregation in France from 1968 to 2007. During that period, segregation intensity diminished in each immigrant-origin group considered separately while increasing for all taken together. The fall by national origin is due to the combined effects of withdrawal from highly segregated neighborhoods and withdrawal from neighborhoods inhabited exclusively by immigrants of the given origin. The overall rise in segregation is due to the change in migration composition—the shift from European to non-European migrants—that occurred over the forty-year period. Lastly, focusing on neighborhoods that are “in the news” obscures the fact that a great majority of immigrants, including non-European ones, were residentially incorporated during the period, a finding that goes against the widespread image in France of immigrants as ghettoized.
Keywords. SEGREGATION – IMMIGRATION – INCORPORATION – INTEGRATION – GHETTO