Division of labor and competition on the interior design market : Approaches to analyzing professional group forms
In addition to furthering our knowledge of interior designers, a professional group about which very little is known, the article combines the sociological traditions of neo-Weberian professional group sociology and economic sociology to devise a model for analyzing professional groups, thereby suggesting new avenues for investigating professional dynamics. The assumption is that stabilized market organization forms are what give the different professional group configurations their singular characteristics and position them in a given space wherein they can reasonably be compared. The article presents the consecutive forms taken by the interior designer group, explaining how the division of labor evolved and how these professionals have been competing on the service and project management labor markets in France since the 1940s. Reflecting on the fit between profession and markets leads to analyzing the Anglo-Saxon configuration of the « established profession » as a particular mode of organizing the labor market and integrating professionals into a service market.