Intermediaries in the labor market
The organization of connections between jobs and applicants is periodically questioned and revised. How economic and sociological theories explore the role of intermediaries ? Several models can be used to analyze their activities and justify their interventions. We argue that institutional theories, studies of social networks and uncertainties about quality can be useful to understand why the assessment of applicants’ qualities must be formed in close contact to work situations. Recent evolutions are not favourable to such types of judgment : they constrain intermediaries to form « pre-judgments » about applicants and matching qualities. Public employment policies in France help to reinforce this tendency, and may aggravate exclusion from employment.