Sociology and social mobility : explaining the situation in France
The absence in France of a sociology on « social mobility » until the end of the 1960s, whereas in anglosaxon fields this was a highly privileged branch of the activity, brings up an interesting question on the conditions of emergence and of application of sociological questioning. This article attempts to test two complementary hypotheses in relation to both « external » and « internal » factors. This absence is attributed to the fact that the role of school ideology has become the functional substitute of the American ideology on « social mobility » and that this type of questioning has been invalidated by the main paradigms which influence French sociological activity. For this reason, it is not surprising to see this type of questioning developing in France in the 1970s, at time of « conflict in paradigms » which breaks out on the subject of theoretical analysis of the way the school system works.