Religion and the economy Mauss, Simiand and the Durkheim programme
The aim of this article is to show that the works of Durkheim contain two research programmes on sociology and the economy. The first programme is concerned by the appreciation of economic categories and by the institutions which allow the market system to function. The second programme, barely outlined in Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse suggests there is a relation between religion and the economy. Both programmes were developed by other Durkheimians : Simiand (and Halbwachs) for the first, and Mauss for the second. It is however important to observe that in the 1930s, both programmes came together to work on donation and currency issues. To finish, the article puts forward the idea that the Durkheim perspective could serve to prolong Weberian questioning on the relation between religious ethics and the modern economy.